Baroque

What is the Baroque?

The Baroque is an artistic period that affecting all arts (sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, theatre, and music) remarks tension, motion, contrast, complexity, variety and exuberance.

The style took place between the 17th and part of the 18th century.

It began around 1600 in Rome and Italy, and spread to most of Europe.

Most of the Baroque art we will find is religious because it was supported by the Catholic Church.

Some of the most famous people in that time were:

  • Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • Caravaggio
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • Rembrandt
  • Diego Velasquez
  • Antonio Vivaldi, Frideric Handel and Sebastian Bach, baroque musicians.
  • Isaac Newton
  • Diderot and D'alembert
  • Miguel de Cervantes
  • William Shakespeare

Watch this video to know about Baroque and its most important artists.

The Three Musketeers are characters from a novel written by Alexandre Dumas. Their adventures take place in during the Baroque and you can see some pictures hanging on the walls of the palace.

What happened before, during and after Baroque?

As we know, the Renaissance took place between the 15th and the 16th century but styles started changing and the Baroque borned.

But what happened between the 17th and the 18th centuries?

  • Isaac Newton establish a new method for scientific research and discovered the light dispersion, where a prism decomposes white light into the colours of the spectrum.
  • Great London Fire
  • Miguel de Cervantes wrote Don Quijote de La Mancha
  • Diego Velasquez painted Las Meninas
  • William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet
  • Diderot and D'alembert published the first Encyclopedia.
  • USA independance from the United Kingdom.

Diego Velasquez

Diego Velasquez was a Spanish painter.

He was born in 1599 and died on 1660.

He was one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age with famous paintings like:

Rembrandt

Rembradt was a Duch (Netherlands) painter.

He was born in 1606 and died on 1669.

He is considered one of the best baroque artists ever with works like:

Caravaggio

Caravaggio was an Italian painter.

He lived between 1571 and 1610.

He was one the firsts baroque artists. The Church, his main client wasn't very happy with the models he used for the paintings, instead of ideal bodies and pretty women, he painted poor and ugly people.

In class

ACTIVITIES:

  1. Las Meninas Interpretation. Watch Mati & Dada's video where they meet Diego Velasquez, then have a look at the presentation "Covers", make your own interpretation of Las Meninas picture drawing with perspective, marking shadows like Caravaggio did (watch video) and hiding mysteries.
  2. Self-portrait. To develop the following activity you have to pay a lot of attention, because it mixes different things: 1) Go to MirArt and watch Rembrandt's video (the one on Mati & Dada), he uses multiple hats in his portraits. 2) Also watch the video "How to draw 20 different emotions" to know how to draw face expressions. 3) Take a dramatic selfie of you following Caravaggio's advices (in the video of Mati & Dada) about the shadow (Chiaroscuro technique: lights and shadows). 4) On a paper, draw and colour your face expression with the contrasts of lights and a hat!
  3. Fashion Mixing arts: Meet Bernini and Donna Adi. Click here to know more.


COVERS - Interpretations
Mixing Arts

Google Expeditions (Virtual 360º Tour)

Masterpieces of the Baroque

MATERIALS:

  • Acuarelas, rotuladores, ceras y lápices.
  • Papel acuarela