What is Avant-gardes?

Avant-Gardes (Vanguardismo) is a new movement started in Paris and divided into 7 other artistic movements.

Sculpture and painting were the first arts were artists started experimenting on during the first half of the 19th Century.

Have a look at the videos to understand the different movements of the avant-gardes.

What happened before, during and after the Avant-Gardes?


Henri Matisse

He was born in 1869 in France and died in 1954.

He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter.

Some of his artworks:


Edvard Munch was a Norwegian painter and printmaker.

He was born in 1863 and died in 1944.

In his paintings you can see the reflect of the terror, pain and drama lived during the World War that took place in Europe between 1914 and 1945.

Here you some of his most representative art works:


Pablo Picasso was born in Málaga in 1881 and died in France in 1973.

He was the creator of the cubism movement, he is one of the most famous Spanish painters and sculptor in the 20 century.


Giacomo Balla was an Italian painter, art teacher and poet. One of the creators of the Futurism artistic movement.

He was born in 1871 and died in 1958. 

In his paintings he depicted light, movement and speed:

Dadaism (Dada)

Marcel Duchamp was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer. 

He was born in 1887 and died in 1968.

His work is associated with Dadaism and he had an immense impact on twentieth-century and twenty first-century art.

Some of his artworks are:


Wassily Kandinsky

He was born in 1866 and died in 1944.

He was a Russian painter, precursor of abstraction in painting, and art theorist. It is considered that with him begins lyrical abstraction and expressionism.

Some of his most important artworks are:


Salvador Dalí

He was a painter, sculptor, engraver, set designer and Spanish writer of the XX century. He is considered one of the highest representatives of surrealism.

He was born in Figueras in 1904 and died in 1989.

Some of his most relevant artworks are:

Did you know that Dalí created with Walt Disney a short cartoon film called Destino?

Watch another video about his biography by Draw my life: Video

Watch the cartoons Dalí on the "Fly"

Joan Miró

He was a painter, sculptor and ceramicist born in Barcelona in 1893 and died in 1983.

His work has been interpreted as Surrealism.

Some of his most relevant artworks are:

In class


Copia de Geometric World
Chaotic Art
Pixy Art
Copia de Matisse & Keith Haring
Francis Bacon
Feline Art
Abstract’s beauty